Tag Archives: Health

New Video: Unseen Enemies

Beginning with mankind’s earliest recorded history, infectious disease has taken the lives of more humans than all wars, famines and natural disasters combined—not by a narrow margin but by an overwhelming landslide. Before the birth of modern science, losses to these unseen enemies were routinely blamed on the collective sins of man and the wrath of angry gods. Over the course of centuries, man’s ongoing inability to comprehend the microbial world profoundly influenced the development of world religions, societies and medicine, while frequently altering the outcome of human conflict and war.

Unseen Enemies examines the top eleven infectious disease killers in human history, as well as the men and women whose dedication and sacrifice helped to expose answers and cures for each of these runaway conditions. By looking back upon medical history, today’s students of science and medicine might better understand how their own careers may one day profoundly impact the course of human history and scientific achievement.

Celiac Awareness Month

October marks the observance of Celiac Awareness Month, an event to generate awareness about a serious and painful chronic condition that results from reaction to gliadin, a gluten protein found in wheat. Conservative estimates show that at least 1 in 170 people have celiac disease, but it may also be under-diagnosed. Sufferers of celiac disease experience discomfort and pain in the digestive tract, diarrhea and chronic constipation, anemia, fatigue, and trouble properly absorbing nutrients through the intestines. The only real treatment for celiac disease is a gluten-free diet, a tough but manageable feat, at least here in the U.S. The article Celiac Disease and Gluten-Free Diet through the Health and Wellness Resource Center is a good overview of other symptoms and dietary restrictions for those with celiac disease.

Gluten? That stuff is bad, right? Part of the reason for raising awareness is providing clarity for those who misunderstand the mechanisms of celiac and similar conditions, and it all boils down to that one little word. So, let’s talk about gluten.

Gluten is such a misunderstood term in America that some have even begun to poke fun at it. In the 2013 apocalyptic comedy film This Is the End, Seth Rogan and Jay Baruchel (playing themselves) are arguing about the benefits of a gluten-free diet. When Baruchel accuses Rogan of not even knowing what gluten is, Rogan responds, “Gluten is a vague term. It’s something that’s used to categorize things that are bad. You know, calories, that’s a gluten. Fat, that’s a gluten.” With the way that “gluten free” has been marketed as a buzzword, someone whose only exposure to the term from ad copy might conclude that it is a dangerous chemical that is being needlessly injected into food. Gluten is, in fact, a naturally occurring wheat protein that is so useful that we extract it and use it elsewhere in our foodstuffs for its ability to add structural integrity—chewiness, basically. So how does this naturally occurring chemical react so poorly with some people’s bodies?

Celiac disease is not just an extreme allergic reaction. In a gluten or wheat allergy (allergy to other proteins contained in wheat other than gluten), the body reacts in the same way as other food allergies. The symptoms, while painful, are a temporary result of the body’s immune system reacting against proteins that it has incorrectly deemed harmful to the body. Once the reactive food is no longer in the body and the immune response has subsided, there is no permanent damage to the body. In celiac disease, the enzyme tissue transglutaminase reacts with the tissue of the small intestine, creating histological changes in the cells of the digestive system, weakening them in a way that causes many of the disease’s painful symptoms well after the meal has passed through the digestive tract. You can read more about the mechanism in the article Celiac Disease from the Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology through Proquest. The reaction to the gluten, in the case of celiac sufferers, is literally changing the body chemistry of the person through continual reactions. Does that mean eating gluten will damage one’s digestive tract? Hopefully not. Celiac disease is a genetic condition, and we understand it to the point that we have identified the gene markers that determine celiac disease, and we can test for them to rule out other autoimmune and digestive conditions.

If one don’t have celiac disease or allergies to wheat or gluten, should one be eating wheat? The simple answer is, you’re probably fine, in moderation. However, there is some research that is starting to shed light on other problems of wheat consumption that, while intriguing, is incomplete. Let’s talk about the term “leaky gut,” more technically known as intestinal permeability. Technically this refers to the phenomenon where the gastrointestinal wall becomes more porous, allowing the absorption of molecules beyond the nutrients it is supposed to absorb. Gliadin, another wheat protein, can react with the zonulin in the gut wall in order to produce this effect. The sticking point seems to be under what conditions this effect actually takes place. One study (Possible Links between Intestinal Permeablity and Food Processing: A Potential Therapeutic Niche for Glutamine) available through PubMed Central concluded that many conditions can result in increased intestinal permeability, but in trying to find an association between ingredients such as gluten and these conditions, the researchers concluded that “We have attempted to illustrate how alimentary compounds induced via modern cooking, food conservation and food processing methods may be associated with these pathologies when (intestinal permeability) is increased. These associations are certainly largely unrecognized and not necessarily easy to identify.” Studies like this seem to be turning up similar results: there is enough sporadic correlation between gluten and intestinal permeability to warrant study, but no one has been able to link causation in any meaningful way. In fact, another study (Divergence of gut permeability and mucosal immune gene expression in two glutenassociated conditions: celiac disease and gluten sensitivity) which compared the increase of intestinal permeability in celiac patients and patients with non-celiac gluten sensitivity found that gluten sensitivity “is not associated with increased intestinal permeability.” So why are gluten free diets so popular without conclusive proof that gluten is harmful for those who aren’t sensitive to gluten?

Never underestimate the allure of a new dieting fad. Many of the diets which include a gluten-free focus will help people lose weight. However, this probably has more to do with the elimination of carbs, not just gluten. Due to the health conditions that can be aggravated by gluten, many savvy salesman have been quick to try and correlate unwarranted health benefits to a gluten-free diet. Some diets that are good for your health will be gluten free; switching to a gluten-free diet will not automatically be good for your health. Let’s illustrate this by looking at one effect of eating wheat that can affect you, regardless of sensitivity: wheat’s effect on the glycemic index (GI), a way of measuring blood sugar increase after eating. In his book Wheat Belly , William Davis points out that “whole wheat bread has a GI of 72, while plain table sugar has a GI of 59. In contrast, kidney beans have a GI of 51, grapefruit comes in at 25, while noncarbohydrate foods such as salmon and walnuts have GIs of essentially zero.” Put simply, this shows that consumed food is converted into glucose, a sugar that, while necessary for providing energy, will be converted into fat if it’s not used up. Clearly, wheat has the potential to create excess fat. Here’s the rub: all starches do. If a GI of 72 sounds scary, consider for a moment white rice (GI or 89), corn flakes (GI of 93), or a baked russet potato (GI of 111). (Glycemic index and glycemic load for 100+ foods) Maybe gluten is not the worst, huh?

Coincidentally, the “albatross around all of our necks” may be the same reason it’s so difficult for those with celiac disease to find an appropriate meal in our current food climate. Because gluten is such a useful ingredient, we end up using it—a lot. It’s in sauces and soups, candy, processed meats and seitan, and many other products. Gluten provides structure, and makes for much more appealing products in everything from visual appeal to mouth feel. Unfortunately, we are paying the price if we’re not burning all of the glucose that results from it. Thus, we can all benefit from watching the amount of wheat (and other starches) in our diets, and a big part of this is shirking processed foods in favor of whole ingredients. For people with celiac disease, allergies, and intolerances, books like the Complete Gluten-Free Cookbook: 150 Gluten-free, Lactose-free Recipes, Many with Egg-free Variations  are an essential tool for maintaining health and not getting bored in the kitchen. For those who really want to cut their intake of carbs, try Real Life Paleo : 175 Gluten-free Recipes, Meal Ideas, and an Easy 3-phased Approach to Lose Weight & Gain Health. We should all be sympathetic to the lengths that people with conditions like celiac disease go to in order to ensure their meal is one they can eat, and perhaps we can take it as a cue that we should all put a little more thought into what we’re putting into our bodies.

If you think that you have celiac disease, see your doctor immediately. If you think you have allergies or sensitivities to gluten or anything else, consult your doctor. If you have concerns about gluten or anything else in food, certainly don’t take my word for it; ask the experts and look at good research. Scientists will continue to research the effects of gluten and all sorts of other food chemicals on the body, and one day we will know to a fuller extent the effects of wheat on the human body. I would be remiss if I didn’t mention that there are some very vocal proponents out there who tout all grains as the cause of anxiety, depression, Alzheimer’s, and many other conditions, but this goes against the medical consensus of those who readily admit that while reducing carbs can help with certain neurological disorders, it is quite a leap to conclude that they caused them in the first place. For the time being, though, barring any medical conditions that make wheat the wrong choice for you, you can have that sandwich on whole wheat bread every once in a while. Just make some time for exercise too.

(By Library Clerk, David Winn)

New on the Video Shelf

Taylor’s Guide to Clinical Nursing Skills
Tracking number: 823 H

 

With more than 12 hours of video footage, this updated series follows nursing students and their instructors as they perform a range of essential nursing procedures. The Third Edition includes brand new footage to reflect current best practices and to address changes in procedures and equipment, in addition to two new skills. From reinforcing nursing skills to troubleshooting clinical problems on the fly, this dynamic video series shows nursing students and their instructors engaged in realistic nurse-patient and student-instructor interactions. Ideal as a stand-alone learning tool or as a companion to textbooks in the Taylor suite, these engaging videos parallel the skills in the textbooks and are organized in topical modules for easy reference. Donated to the Library by Dean of School of Nursing, Jewel Diller.

New on the Video Shelf

Death investigation crisis, most famous autopsies with Dr. Michael Biden, dealing with dementia, mastering EKG and more…Watch trailers below

Progression of Dementia: Seeing Gems – Not Just Loss DVD
Call number: RC 521 .P7647 2011

Watch trailer now

In “Progression of Dementia” Teepa explains
– how to tell apart different disease stages to better adapt your caregiving techniques
– why patients in later stages can’t relax their muscles and how to safely handle them to avoid bruising
– how to reduce the risk of falls
– how to safeguard your relationship with the patient as the disease progresses
– how to reduce unwanted behaviors by controlling the environment and effectively shifting their focus
– about appropriate activities (for an in depth activity program also see “Filling the Day with Meaning”)

Frontline: Post Mortem DVD
RA 1063.4 .P67 2011
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Every day nearly 7000 people die in America and the rate of autopsies the gold standard of death investigation has plummeted. As a result not only do murderers go free and innocent people go to jail but the crisis in death investigation in America is also a threat to public health. FRONTLINE reports the results of a joint investigation with ProPublica NPR and the Investigative Reporting Program at UC Berkeley.

Autopsy: Postmortem with Dr. Michael Baden DVD
RA 1063.4 .A987 2008
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HBO Documentary Films Autopsy series lives on with Autopsy Postmortem, in which Dr. Baden, the acclaimed patriarch of forensic pathology, gives viewers exclusive insight into some of his most high-profile cases including John F. Kennedy, OJ Simpson, Sid Vicious and Nancy Spungen, the Romanovs and first responders to the 9/11 terrorist attacks.

EKG Interpretation and Response DVD
RC 683.5 .E5 E354 2015 (4 vols.)
This course provides a brief summary and overview of the heart’s components and functional properties as background for a discussion about EKG interpretation. It also provides guidance on calculating heart rate on the EKG. autonomic nervous system effects, and how to assess sinus rhythm. It includes the following categories: the heart’s electrophysiologic properties, the heart’s electrical conduction and mechanical response systems, interpreting normal EKG waveforms, how to calculate heart rate on the EKG, autonomic nervous system effects, and assessing normal sinus rhythm.
Watch trailer now

Refugee health care : an essential medical guide / Aniyizhai Annamalai, editor

Call number: RA564.9.R43 R44 2014

 Refugees arrive in the United States from different parts of the world and their numbers increase every year. Refugees undergo a medical screening soon after arrival, as recommended by the U.S. Department of State, and it is often primary care practitioners or psychiatrists who usually evaluate these patients at this first visit. Though physicians receive a variable amount of training in cross-cultural medicine,virtually none is in the area of refugee evaluations. Refugee evaluations are different from routine patient evaluations in several significant ways: 1) They are new immigrants from countries where the disease epidemiology is different from the U.S.; 2) Certain infectious disease processes need to be ruled out upon arrival to prevent the spread of communicable diseases; 3) The prevalence of mental health disorders in refugees is higher than the local population; 4) The medical and psychiatric health problems of refugees are often caused or affected by their past experience with trauma and their current acculturation difficulties; and 5) Significant cultural barriers can arise in the accurate evaluation and treatment of these refugees. Books on refugee health usually are written from ecological and public health perspectives and address generic refugee population issues. There are very few clinical textbooks, and most focus only on mental health.Refugee Health Care is a practical guide providing focused information for busy primary care practitioners, and many of the recommendations in the book apply to all immigrants.This concise pocketbook reviews medical and psychiatric conditions that are essential to know in the evaluation and treatment of refugees. (From B&N)

Who says men don’t care? : a man’s guide to balanced and guilt-free caregiving / by James V. Gambone and Rhonda W. Travland

Call number: HV1441.4.M44 G36 2011

What kind of caregiver are you? Are you the Manager, the Searcher, the Loner, the Techno-Virtual Caregiver, or some combination of all of the above? You can find out with the new Guide for male caregivers.
While there are many excellent caregiving resources available for all kinds of diseases and illnesses, Who Says Men Don’t Care? A Man’s Guide to Balanced and Guilt Free Caregiving, is unique because it is written specifically for four generations of male caregivers.
The premise of the Guide is that men care differently than women, and these differences present both opportunities and potential problems in all male caregiving situations. Knowing who you are can make you a healthier and more balanced caregiver.
Among the many helpful resources in this Guide, you will find:
• The CARES Assessment – that demonstrates your caregiving strengths, styles, and weaknesses.
• The “Generational Caregiving Types” – helps you learn from four generations of male caregivers.
• The Myths of Caregiving – keeps you from repeating mistakes other men have made.
• The Tipping Point, and Plan B Assessments – let you know when it’s time to change course.
An Old Chinese Proverb says, “A wise man adapts himself to circumstances as water shapes itself to the vessel that contains it.”
Who Says Men Don’t Care? will help men shape themselves for difficult times. And as Gary Barg, the founder of Caregiver.com and one of the most respected men in caregiving today concluded in his Forward, “Male caregivers can, at times, feel like fish out of water when dealing with the daily challenges of family caregiving. With Who Says Men Don’t Care? A Man’s Guide to Balanced and Guilt-Free Caregiving, men can finally understand the waters in which they find themselves as informal caregivers.” (From B&N)

Kings Park DVD

A groundbreaking new documentary

On June 21, 1967, at the age of 17, Lucy Winer was committed to the female violent ward of Kings Park State Hospital following a series of failed suicide attempts. Over 30 years later, now a veteran documentary filmmaker, Lucy returns to Kings Park for the first time since her discharge. Her journey back sparks a decade-long effort to face her past and learn the story of the now abandoned institution that once held her captive. Her meetings with other former patients, their families, and the hospital staff reveal the painful legacy of our state hospital system and the crisis left by its demise.

Acid test : LSD, Ecstasy, and the power to heal / Tom Shroder

Call number: RC483.5.L9 S57 2014

It’s no secret that psychedelic drugs have the ability to cast light on the miraculous reality hidden within our psyche. Almost immediately after the discovery of LSD less than a hundred years ago, psychedelics began to play a crucial role in the quest to understand the link between mind and matter. With an uncanny ability to reveal the mind’s remote frontiers and the unmapped areas of human consciousness, LSD and MDMA (better known as Ecstasy) have proven extraordinarily effective in treating anxiety disorders such as PTSD—yet the drugs remain illegal for millions of people who might benefit from them.

Anchoring Tom Shroder’s Acid Test are the stories of Rick Doblin, the founder and executive director of the Multidisciplinary Association for Psychedelic Studies (MAPS), who has been fighting government prohibition of psychedelics for more than thirty years; Michael Mithoefer, a former emergency room physician, now a psychiatrist at the forefront of psychedelic therapy research; and his patient Nicholas Blackston, a former Marine who has suffered unfathomable mental anguish from the effects of brutal combat experiences in Iraq. All three men are passionate, relatable people; each flawed, each resilient, and each eccentric, yet very familiar and very human.

Acid Test covers the first heady years of experimentation in the fifties and sixties, through the backlash of the seventies and eighties, when the drug subculture exploded and uncontrolled use of street psychedelics led to a PR nightmare that created the drug stereotypes of the present day. Meticulously researched and astoundingly informative, this is at once a personal story of intertwining lives against an epic backdrop, and a compelling argument for the unprecedented healing properties of drugs that have for decades been characterized as dangerous, illicit substances. (From Google Books)

What do peanuts, alcohol, and sugar cane have in common?


Did you know…following the arrival of the automobile, scientists immediately turned to biofuels? The German inventor Rudolf Diesel fueled his engine with peanut oil, while Henry Ford predicted that the fuel of choice would be alcohol-based. Now, all these years later, this interest in biofuels has been reawakened among the scientific community. Learn more about the options and our progress toward making them a reality in Achieving Sustainability, available on GVRL.Check it out!

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GVRL (Gale Virtual Reference Library) is a wonderful eReference source available through your Ivy Tech Library. GVRL offers students thousands of full-text proprietary titles Subject areas include:

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Basic statistics for health information management technology / Carol E. Osborn

Call number: RA409 .O82 2008

From the author of Statistical Applications for Health Information Management, this text provides a solid foundation of the fundamentals of statistics in health information technology in an accessible and reader-friendly format. A single case study is woven throughout the book to serve as an example for each statistical process covered. Attention is given to morbidity and mortality measures, graphical display of data, measurement, central tendency and variability, normal distribution and statistical inference, and inferential statistics. Written specifically for health information technology students who need a basic understanding of the topic, this text is ideal for those with a modest background in mathematics and no prior training in statistics. Features: • Introduces students to how statistical techniques can be used to describe and make inferences from healthcare data. • Includes traditional hospital statistics such as average length of stay and total inpatient service days. • Uses examples in both SPSS and Microsoft Excel. (From Google Books)